A 2,640-kilometer border known as the Durand Line divides Pakistan from Afghanistan. A treaty between the Amir of Afghanistan and the British Indian government led to its founding in 1893. Although it was only meant to be a temporary border, the line is now considered the border between the two nations.
The Durand Line has caused conflict and tension between Pakistan and Afghanistan for several reasons. One of the leading causes is that the line splits Pashtun communities and separates families and friends by passing through Pashtun tribal areas. The Pashtun people, who frequently feel like they do not fully belong to either country, have been affected by this, leading to alienation and disenfranchisement.
The Durand Line has also been a source of interference and intervention in the affairs of the Pashtun tribes by both Pakistan and Afghanistan. Due to this, there is no trust between the two nations, making it difficult to bring peace and stability to the area. It is the "other partition" no one talks about in Pakistan.
Due to disagreements over trade routes and tariffs, the Durand Line also affects the economy and trade between Pakistan and Afghanistan. This has hampered regional economic growth and made it challenging for companies and traders to conduct business.
Additionally, the Durand line has been a point of entry for criminal activities like drug trafficking, human trafficking, and smuggling, raising concerns for both nations and hampering border security efforts.
Last but not least, the Durand Line is a contentious border that has caused conflict between Pakistan and Afghanistan for a number of reasons. It has contributed to alienation and persecution among the Pashtun people; it has been a cover for interference and intervention, impeded regional economic growth and peace, and has also been a catalyst for illegal activities.