Historical Executions in Pakistan
Throughout Pakistan's history, there have been several murders of the working and peasant classes as well as racial and religious minorities. Here are a few noteworthy instances:
The 1951 Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case: It involved the assassinations of a number of Pashtun nationalist leaders by the Pakistani government, which at the time was headed by the military establishment that was overwhelmingly Punjabi. Several Pashtun leaders were put to death as a result of the case, while numerous others were imprisoned.
The genocide in East Pakistan in 1971: The Pakistani army deliberately targeted Bengali intellectuals, students, and nationalist leaders, as well as Hindu and other minority communities, during the 1971 conflict between Pakistan and Bangladesh. According to estimates, between 300,000 and 3 million people perished during the genocide.
The 1983 Anti-Sikh riots: Following the killing of the country's then-President Zia-ul-Haq, a series of targeted attacks against Pakistan's Sikh community took place during the 1983 Anti-Sikh Riots. Numerous Sikhs perished in the attacks, and their houses and businesses were destroyed.
The Balochistan conflict: In the 1980s The Balochistan conflict was caused by a number of separatist uprisings and insurrections in Pakistan's Balochistan region. As a result of the state's military actions, thousands of Baloch, including students, political activists, and human rights workers, were killed, tortured, or simply disappeared.
The Hazara killings: Over time, sectarian extremist groups in Pakistan have targeted the Hazara population. The Hazara community has been the target of a number of attacks, including bombings, killings, and kidnappings, which have claimed the lives of hundreds of Hazara men, women, and children.
The Ahmadiya killings: In the past, extremist organizations and individuals in Pakistan have targeted Ahmadis, leading to the murder of hundreds of Ahmadis. Even now, these targeted executions are still occurring.
These are a few examples of the historical massacres of the working and peasant class, as well as ethnic and religious minorities:
The 1948 Karachi riots
The 1949 Lahore riots
The 1974 Lahore riots
The 1974 Multan riots
The 1986 Ahmedpur East massacre
The 1992 Karachi riots
The 2012 Hazara killings in Quetta
The 2013 Lahore church bombings
The 2013 Quetta bombings
The 2014 Peshawar school massacre
The 2016 Quetta hospital bombing
The 2017 Mastung bombing
The 2018 Quetta election rally bombing
The 2018 Balochistan Awami Party attack
The 2019 Hazarganji market bombing
The 2020 Quetta Hazara town attack
The 2020 Quetta police training center attack
The 2020 Quetta civil hospital bombing
The 2020 Quetta Hazara community attacks
There are many more instances of both judicial and extrajudicial executions in Pakistan's more than 70-year history; this list is not complete.